Impacts of Covid-19 on various professions
In the times where the economy of our country was continuously facing a downfall, Covid-19 made it worse. Since the start of the Covid-19, the unemployment rate in India has risen to 24%. Every sector took a hit and caused a decrease in demand as well as the disruption of the workforce faced by the companies. For nearly 2 months, almost every sector has remained closed and therefore, the production level has reduced, and demand & supply balance is disturbed.
During this pandemic, the frontline workers have emerged as the real hero this society needs. Where the Covid-19 cases have crossed 2.6M in India, the hospital staff is working double shifts to keep people safe and keeping the discipline during this pandemic.
The doctors keep wearing PPE kits, masks, and gloves for 12 hours while working. Despite the lack of PPE kits and masks initially, they didn't hesitate to work and helped patients throughout their recovery. Several NGOs are helping daily wage workers and migrant workers by providing them food, water, hygiene kits, and transportation at their own cost. They are creating awareness about the virus and educating people to maintain social distancing, setting up a community kitchen for those in need. Talking about frontline workers, the administration has also done a commendable job keeping in view the population of this country. Police and other staff have been patrolling and keeping a keen eye on people for maintaining the social distancing and the guidelines issued by the Government.
While healthcare staff and administration are working in wellbeing, COVID has made life miserable for so many people. Small businesses have suffered a lot as 71% of small businesses or startups are witnessing lower demand for products and services while 48% are experiencing supply disruption or an increase in supply cost. Due to the less margin on profit for small businesses and the increasing price for the product, the time had never been so difficult for them. But over time, small businessmen and entrepreneurs are getting back on track since the relaxation in the lockdown.
This pandemic has significantly disrupted various sectors in India including oil and gas, automobiles, aviation, agriculture, retail, etc. The same is happening in the education sector in India. Due to the pandemic, Schools and colleges are shut down from the mid-March. Students are suffering the loss as many entrance exams are being canceled and they are not getting any opportunities. College students are being promoted based on their performance in the previous semesters. Schools and colleges are opting for online studying, but many students cannot afford the high prices of the internet. Students coming from poor backgrounds are suffering a lot as they do not have any means to continue their studies.
Students who just graduated are facing difficulties in getting jobs as the market is facing a downfall in the economy and the lack of job opportunities.
If we talk about the impact of COVID on the construction industry, this sector has also taken a hit just like the others. Apart from the displacement of labor in this pandemic, many other factors have led to a massive slowdown in the construction business. The supply chains of materials imported from various places have remained restricted. In the current scenario, there has been a paradigm shift in the thought process of business owners, and a change of priorities can be seen. Restricted access to the materials and labors have led to the use of locally available resources.
While the offices are opting for 'work from home' model, people staying at home for work have somehow made life difficult for the housewives. They must work extra than ever before. As a result of this, domestic violence cases have also risen. Due to short-term loss of work and earnings, male members of households are facing psychological distress and subsequently, violent behavior at home with females is happening. As a result, in the long run, women's psychological well-being might get affected.
Talking about the Covid-19 situation, this pandemic has taught us that life is uncertain. You do not know what would happen over some time. Everything is temporary, but physical and A mental wellbeing is of utmost importance. This pandemic has caused a small positive impact on the environment as well. Covid-19 has taught us that we can stop relying on the govt. to make the change, but we can do it ourselves. Covid-19 has taught us that there is no difference between rich and poor, old, and young. It has taught us that we can work from home, can use minimum resources to get out work done. Most importantly, it has taught us that we can always think of better ways to do our job.
by - Meenal Sharma
graphic by - Brijesh Kumar